Accumulated acetyl-CoA is likely to be converted into ketone bodies. "Good cholesterol" (high-density lipoproteins, or HDLs) transports excess cholesterol to the liver for storage or breakdown, whereas "bad cholesterol" (low- density lipoproteins, or LDLs) transports cholesterol to peripheral tissues, which unfortunately may include the arteries. 17. As a result, body temperature would increase. absorptive state: The period during digestion when anabolism exceeds catabolism. Why do you think she is having the arrhythmias? Question options: during postabsorptive state, glucagon __ blood energy sources by __ both glucose & fatty acid levels restores; enhancing during postabsorptive state, certain hormonal controls combined with persistent low glucose levels or prolonged fasting, most fat that is mobilized is Understand how nutrients are utilized during the absorptive state to provide energy, and how energy is provided when nutrients are not being absorbed. In PROTEIN SYNTHESIS amino acids are turned into what? However, an intermediary in the mitochondrial membrane can transfer the electrons from the NADH to a coenzyme within the mitochondria. Blood levels of urea increase during the postabsorptive state because the deamination of many amino acids at that time yields ammonium ions, which are then converted to urea by the liver. Thus, this is the key difference between absorptive and postabsorptive state. Because the liver has an extensive blood supply, it can easily monitor blood composition of these nutrients and regulate them accordingly. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The end result of what absorptive state includes: When do formation of keto-acids and breakdown of proteins occur. These nutrients are used to meet the immediate energy needs of the body. A) cortisol B) insulin C) glucagon D) epinephrine E) thyroid hormone If Justine's diet—which includes very little milk, liver, eggs, fish, leafy green, yellow, and orange vegetables, and fruits—is deficient in vitamin A, what other vitamin deficiencies might be expected? To which types and functions of cholesterol do these terms refer? ; Kreb’s cycle: The Kreb’s cycle is a series of chemical reactions used by all aerobic organisms to generate energy through the oxidization of acetate derived from carbohydrates, fats and proteins into carbon dioxide. During the absorptive state, the stomach and intestines contain nutrients that are being absorbed by the body. Postabsorptive State: Resting after absorption of meal. The breakdown of glucose to pyruvate is an ___________ process. Infants have higher surface-to-volume ratios than do adults, and the body's temperature-regulating mechanisms are not fully functional at birth. Her breath smells fruity, and her blood and urine samples contain high levels of ketone bodies. This is probably the cause of her arrhythmias. in PROTEIN SYNTHESIS what is made into proteins? In gluconeogenesis, during the postabsorptive state, amino acids and ____ are converted to glucose. In GLYCOGENOLYSIS gycogen breaks down into what? In order to maintain a normal blood glucose level, nutrients that were stored during the absorptive state and now being broken down during the postabsorptive state. As the body progresses from the absorptive to the post absorptive state, only ___ continues to burn glucose while every other organ in the body mostly switches to fatty acids. The 2-carbon compounds then enter the citric acid cycle. causes a decline in circulating ketone bodies. What hormone is used to turn glucose into fat? The ketones are also converted into keto acids such as acetic acid. The hydrogen ions diffuse back through ATP synthase and generate ATP. How would a decrease in the amount of bile salts in the bile affect the amount of vitamin A in the body? Given that his family has a history of cardiovascular disease, he wonders if he should modify his lifestyle. You would encourage Charlie not to change, and keep up the good work. How would a decrease in the level of NAD in the cytosol affect ATP production in mitochondria? The absorptive state, or the fed state, occurs after a meal when your body is digesting the food and absorbing the nutrients (catabolism exceeds anabolism). If both are present in relatively high amounts, then the excess of insulin promotes the glucose conversion into glycogen for storage in the liver and muscle cells. Would an athlete in intensive training try to maintain a. How do the absorptive and postabsorptive states maintain normal blood glucose levels? Section: 27.03b Topic: Nutrition and Metabolism 27-Glucagon 62. A diet deficient in pyridoxine (vitamin B6), an important coenzyme in de- aminating and transaminating amino acids in cells, would interfere with the body's ability to metabolize proteins. Through a series of processes, glucose is ultimately released into the bloodstream by the liver in order to maintain normal blood … Problems are associated with elevated levels of LDLs, which carry cholesterol to peripheral tissues and make it available for the formation of atherosclerotic plaques in blood vessels. Meanwhile, the postabsorptive state starts after the complete absorption of nutrients. builds up triglycerides during the postabsorptive state. How would a diet that is deficient in pyridoxine (vitamin B6) affect protein metabolism? A) glucocorticoids. During the postabsorptive state, _____ stimulate(s) lipid catabolism. Glucose is made into __________ during glycogenesis, In GLYCOGENESIS what is made into glycogen. 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