The Swedes sought to extend their influence by creating an agricultural (tobacco) and fur trading colony to bypass French, British and Dutch merchants. This led to the Guadeloupe Fund which guaranteed Sweden 24 million francs. Finland, Guadeloupe, Trinidad and Tobago, Ghana, Togo, Estonia, Norway, Latvia. During this time, the small Swedish slave trade began. Quiz by LeonidBreznjev. r/eu4: A place to share content, ask questions and/or talk about the grand strategy game Europa Universalis IV by Paradox Development Studio. Enter the name of the regions that were once part of the Swedish Empire and also in which present day country these regions are. Swedish Gold Coast (1650-1663; lost to Denmark and the Dutch) Including Cape Coast (1649-1663) consisting following settlements: 1.1. When combined with the Lucayan Archipelago, all three are known as the West Indies. Line: 107 Sweden temporarily controlled several settlements on the Gold Coast (present Ghana) since 22 April 1650, but lost the last when on 20 April 1663 Fort Carlsborg and the capital Fort Christiansborg were seized by Denmark. Saint Barthélemy, officially the French: Collectivité territoriale de Saint-Barthélemy, is an overseas collectivity of France in the Caribbean. By the middle of the 17th century, the Swedish Empire had reached its greatest territorial extent. This led to the Guadeloupe Fund which guaranteed Sweden 24 million francs. Function: _error_handler, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/page/index.php Finland, Guadeloupe, Trinidad and Tobago, Ghana, Togo, Estonia, Norway, Latvia. 1.2. The colonies spanned three continents: Africa, Asia and North America. Fort Christiansborg/Fort Frederiksborg, which became the capital, present Osu: 1652-1658 1.3. The last installment was paid in 1983. Indian colony of Parangipettai is not shown on this map. Once they landed they established Fort Christina (now Wilmington, Delaware), named after Queen Christina of Sweden. It would later be rejuvenated in 1784, when Sweden's monarch, Gustav III, began negotiations with France with a view to creating a new alliance between the two countries. Starting with the Virgin Islands east of Puerto Rico, they extend southeast to Guadeloupe and its dependencies. Last updated: February 19, 2019. The Lesser Antilles is a group of islands in the Caribbean Sea. Sweden possessed overseas colonies from 1638 to 1663, in 1733 and from 1784 to 1878. Within a year, the population had doubled and the king saw fit to form the Swedish West India Company. Indian colony of Parangipettai is not shown on this map. 1650 Seal of the Swedish governor of Saint Barthélemy, 1784-1878.. By the middle of the 17th century, the Swedish Empire had reached its greatest territorial extent. Cape Coast was centered on the Carolusburg Castle which was built in 1653 and named after King Charles X Gustav of Sweden but is now known as the Cape Coast Castle. [1], However, the islands were close to the British and French trading posts of the Leeward and Windward islands. Line: 478 In 1811, 1800 ships visited Saint Barthélemy; and from October 1813 to September 1814, 20% of the U.S.'s exports passed through the island. Sweden possessed five colonies, four of which were short lived. 1700 - The Great Northern War begins. Disgruntled after being dismissed from his post, he led a Swedish expedition to a location which he knew to be strategic as well as a thorn in the side of his former employers. Media related to Swedish colonial empire at Wikimedia Commons, Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap} 59°56′N30°20′E / 59.933°N 30.333°E / 59.933; 30.333. The only Nordic country to have been considered a "great power", at points in history Sweden has controlled most of the shores of the Baltic Sea, troops have marched deep into present-day Germany , Russia and Ukraine and it has possessed colonies in North America, Africa and briefly in India. Sweden possessed overseas colonies from 1638 to 1663 and from 1784 to 1878. Sweden possessed five colonies, four of which were short lived. However, after the fall of New Sweden to the Dutch, the slave trade ended. Colonies of Sweden. Gustavia is the main town and capital of the island of Saint Barthélemy. 1.5. Sweden possessed five colonies, four of which were short lived. Swedish Colonies Colonialism Colonialism is the establishment of a colony in one territory by a political power from another territory, and the subsequent maintenance, expansion, and exploitation of that colony. The field ranges from studying the Sami in relation to the Norwegian, Swedish and Finnish states, to activities of the Danish Colonial Empire and Swedish Empire in Africa and on Caribbean islands such as St. Thomas and Saint-Barthélemy. Function: _error_handler, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/page/index.php Sweden dominates Scandinavia and the Baltic, a Northern European empire that is the legacy of the incomparable warrior-king, Gustavus II Adolphus. The former Swedish colonies in America: Guadeloupe (1813–1814; returned to France) Saint-Barthélemy (1784–1878; sold to France) New Sweden (1638–1655; lost to the Dutch) Tobago (1733; attempted settlement thwarted by natives) Americas New Sweden Sweden possessed overseas colonies from 1638 to 1663 and from 1784 to 1878. The government did not seek to suppress this: indeed, they ordered Saint Barthélemy's governor, Rosenstein, to salary a Catholic priest to come from Saint Martin twice a month. The more southerly part of this chain, starting with Dominica, is called the Windward Islands. This military power did, however, cost money and Swedish lives. Sweden possessed overseas colonies from 1638 to 1663, in 1733 and from 1784 to 1878. By the middle of the 17th century, the Swedish Empire had reached its greatest territorial extent. Swedish Estonia; Swedish Ingria; Swedish Livonia; Swedish Pomerania; See also. Function: _error_handler, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/user/popup_harry_book.php Dominica was originally considered part of the Leeward Islands, but was transferred from the British Leeward Islands to the British Windward Islands in 1940. However a year later the island was given to France by the Treaty of Paris. The colony would establish Fort Nya Elfsborg north of present-day Salem, New Jersey in 1643. Sweden had colonies in the Americas and in Africa. The former Swedish colonies in Africa were: The former Swedish colonies in Asia were: By the middle of the 17th century, the Swedish Empire had reached its greatest territorial extent. Gustav offered Gothenburg as an entrepôt to the French, in exchange for the Caribbean colony of Saint Barthélemy, in addition to subsidies. In 1637, Swedish, Dutch and German stockholders formed the New Sweden Company to trade for furs and tobacco in North America. Sweden (Swedish: Sverige), mostly known as Swedish Empire (Swedish: Svenska riket) is an imperial monarchy dominating most of Scandinavia and the Baltics. Once they landed they established Fort Christina (now Wilmington, Delaware), named after Queen Christina of Sweden. Fort Christiansborg/Fort Frederiksborg, which became the capital, presently Osu: 1652-1658 The Swedish Empire (Swedish: Stormaktstiden , the Era of Great Power) was a European great power that exercised territorial control over much of the Baltic region during the 17th and early 18th centuries. By the middle of the 17th century, the Swedish Empire had reached its greatest territorial extent. The Danish Gold Coast comprised the colonies that Denmark–Norway controlled in Africa as a part of the Gold Coast, which is on the Gulf of Guinea. In 1811, 1800 ships visited Saint Barthélemy; and from October 1813 to September 1814, 20% of the U.S.'s exports passed through the island. During this time, the small Swedish slave trade began. The Swedish Empire was at its greatest extent in the 17th and early 18th centuries. It lasted until April 1663 when the whole Swedish Gold Coast was seized by Denmark, and integrated in the Danish Gold Coast. Today there is a Fort Christina monument in Wilmington. Fort Witsen, present Takoradi: 1653-1658. In 1652, the Swedes took Cape Coast (in modern Ghana) which had previously been under the control of the Dutch and before that the Portuguese. Furthermore, the Swedish Empire had holdings in America as well, which formed a large ethnic Swedish and Finnish settlement along the Delaware River and into parts of current New Jersey. Swedish colonial efforts were primarily opportunistic, capitalizing on treaties and marginal locations in order to establish colonies in the shadow of the major colonial powers (i.e. The Swedes sought to extend their influence by creating an agricultural and fur trading colony to bypass French, British and Dutch merchants.The charter included Swedish, Dutch and German stockholders. As a reprisal, the Dutch governor Peter Stuyvesant sent an army to the Delaware River, which obtained the surrender of the Swedish forts. [1], The Swedish East India Company did not establish any permanent colonies in India, but they briefly possessed a factory in Porto Novo (today Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu). Message: Undefined variable: user_membership, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/views/user/popup_modal.php Line: 479 Apollonia, present Benin: 1655-1657. [citation needed]. Sweden. Carolusbor… However, after the fall of New Sweden to the Dutch, the slave trade ended. Together, the Lesser Antilles and the Greater Antilles compose the Antilles. Even though he died in battle at Luetzen in 1632, the army that he created helped Sweden profit from the seemingly endless religious struggles of the Thirty Years War. Function: view. Born out of a bloodbath there came the country of Sweden and an empire would rise under Gustavus Adolphus. WorldStatesmen- Swedish Possessions & Colonies, Wetaskiwin local heritage – Swedish settlers, Mémoire St Barth | History of St Barthélemy (archives & history of slavery, slave trade and their abolition), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Swedish_overseas_colonies&oldid=1000613156, "Empire" as a description of foreign policy. Line: 68 The islands form the eastern boundary of the Caribbean Sea with the Atlantic Ocean. Rate: Nominate. This former region is now known as the country of Ghana. In Sweden, Lutheranism was strictly adhered to; people were obligated to attend a number of church services a year, and adherence to other religions or denominations was against the law (conversion to Catholicism, for example, often led to people being exiled). In May 1654 the Dutch Fort Casimir, located in present-day New Castle, Delaware was captured by New Sweden. [1], However, the islands were close to the British and French trading posts of the Leeward and Windward islands. A colonial empire is a collective of territories, either contiguous with the imperial center or located overseas, settled by the population of a certain state and governed by that state. The English overseas possessions, also known as the English colonial empire, comprised a variety of overseas territories that were colonised, conquered, or otherwise acquired by the former Kingdom of England during the centuries before the Acts of Union of 1707 between the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland created the Kingdom of Great Britain. Minuit died on a return trip from Stockholm in a hurricane near the Caribbean island of Saint Kitts. 1648 - The Thirty Years' War comes to an end. Sweden founded overseas colonies, principally in the New World. Most form a long, partly volcanic island arc between the Greater Antilles to the north-west and the continent of South America. The Swedes sought to extend their influence by creating an agricultural (tobacco) and fur trading colony to bypass French, British and Dutch merchants. In May 1654 the Dutch Fort Casimir, located in present-day New Castle, Delaware was captured by New Sweden. The colony would establish Fort Nya Elfsborg north of present-day Salem, New Jersey in 1643. Swedish Colonies in the Americas AD 1638 - 1655. Within a year, the population had doubled and the king saw fit to form the Swedish West India Company. [1], The island was notable for its liberalism, particularly in regards to religious toleration. The Swedish empire is the main power of Northern Europe and is known to be provocative and an "annoyance" to most of his enemies. It remained legal until 1813. Although Sweden was successful in acquiring the island in 1784, the population of the colony was less than 1000 people, and neither were particularly propitious trading ports—sugar and cotton only provided four shiploads a year, and many of the other resources were only produced in large enough quantities to provide subsistence for the inhabitants. WorldStatesmen- Swedish Possessions & Colonies, Wetaskiwin local heritage – Swedish settlers, Mémoire St Barth | History of St Barthélemy (archives & history of slavery, slave trade and their abolition), "Empire" as a description of foreign policy. Papers Amer Hist Assoc 2(2), 1887, NY, USA. Map of the Swedish Empire with all of the territories that it possessed at different time periods shown together. Sweden emerged as a great European power under Axel Oxenstierna and King Gustavus Adolphus. Once they landed they established Fort Christina (now Wilmington, Delaware), named after Queen Christina of Sweden. Disgruntled after being dismissed from his post, he led a Swedish expedition to a location which he knew to be strategic as well as a thorn in the side of his former employers. The charter included Swedish, Dutch and German stockholders. The spread of colonial empires was reduced in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by the American Revolutionary War and the Latin American wars of independence. However, the government, which decides foreign and security policies, remained opposed to adopting such a “NATO option”. Many of the settlers were Finnish, since until 1809 the area of modern Finland [ citation needed ]. See also European colonization of the Americas. On Saint Barthélemy, in 1787, only 21 Lutherans resided there, compared to over 500 Catholics, as well as several hundred people from different Protestant denominations. In English, the term Leeward Islands refers to the northern islands of the Lesser Antilles chain. Line: 208 In addition to these the Swedes briefly attempted to settle Tobago in 1733, but were driven away by native tribes, and Tobago was eventually claimed by the British. When the Dutch captured Fort Christina in 1655 at the start of the Second Northern War (1655-1660) between the Swedish Empire and the Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth, New Sweden became part of Dutch New Netherland. 1707 - Sweden invades Russia, but bad weather weakens the army as they march. This is a timeline of the territorial evolution of the Caribbean and nearby areas of North, Central, and South America, listing each change to the internal and external borders of the various countries that make up the region. New Sweden was founded late in the race for territory in the Americas.Peter Minuit, the former director-general of the Dutch colony of New Netherland, had been dismissed from service, but was then drawn to the Swedish efforts to start a colony. The Yekta Empire, or Zachian Yakitez (commonly known as " Stormaktstiden" or "The great era of power" or "The age of great siege"), was the Kingdom of Yekta's epoch as a military great power, officially lasting for 110 years, between 1611 and 1721. The colonies spanned three continents: Africa, Asia and North America. The settlement was actually an invasion of New Netherland since it was Dutch territory. A Scandinavian 'Nabob' of the British Empire: The Discovery of a New Colonial Archive. The last installment was paid in 1983. The beginning of the Empire is usually taken as the reign of Gustavus Adolphus, who ascended the throne in 1611, and the end as the loss of territories in 1721 following the Great Northern War. By the middle of the 17th century, the Swedish Empire had reached its greatest territorial extent. Swedish colonial empire Swedish Swedish colonies. Swedish Colonies. A new town was also constructed, Gustavia (named after the king), and this facilitated trade. Profile Quizzes Subscribed Subscribe? Many of the settlers were Finnish, since until 1809 the area of modern Finland was the eastern third of the kingdom of Sweden. Throughout the 1700's in the World of Lesnaya timeline, Sweden has had considerable success as an overseas colonial power. Often abbreviated to St-Barth in French, and St. Barths or St. Barts in English, the island lies about 35 kilometres (22 mi) south-east of the Caribbean island Saint Martin and north-east of the Dutch islands of Saba, Sint Eustatius, and the independent country of Saint Kitts and Nevis. Svenska Västindien.png 698 × 599; 42 KB The former Swedish colonies in Africa were: Swedish Gold Coast (1650–1663; lost to Denmark and the Dutch) Including the Cape Coast (1649–1663) consisting of the following settlements: Apollonia, presently Benin: 1655-1657. The Swedes sought to extend their influence by creating an agricultural (tobacco) and fur trading colony to bypass French, British and Dutch merchants. This practice lasted in the 6th through 11th centuries until formally abolished in 1335. The only Nordic country to have been considered a "great power", at points in history Sweden has controlled most of the shores of the Baltic Sea, troops have marched deep into present-day Germany, Russia and Ukraine and it has possessed colonies in North America, Africa and briefly in India. Swedish Empire Swedish slave trade Delaware River Gustav III of Sweden Swedish colonies … Scandinavian colonialism is a subdivision within broader colonial studies that discusses the role of Scandinavian nations in achieving economic benefits from outside of their own cultural sphere. Sweden then forced a settlement with Great Britain because it had been guaranteed the island which was strategically close to its other Caribbean colony. Function: view, File: /home/ah0ejbmyowku/public_html/application/controllers/Main.php Map of New Sweden ca. It is fought against Russia led by Tsar Peter the Great. 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